One Two
  • The Endesfelder lab is looking for new PhDs & a PostDoc - please contact us for more info.
  • Dec 21st Christmas party - details at our secretary

Sie sind hier: Startseite Forschung Math.-Nat. Fakultät Prof. Galinski Publikationsliste



Stiller LM, Galinski EA, Witt EMHJ (2018) Engineering the Salt-Inducible Ectoine Promoter Region of Halomonas elongata for Protein Expression in a Unique Stabilizing Environment. Genes 9(4): 184; doi:10.3390/genes9040184

Sorokin DY, Khijniak TV, Galinski EA, Kublanov IV (2017) Natronotalea proteinilytica gen. nov., sp. nov. and Longimonas haloalkaliphila sp. nov., extremely haloalkaliphilic members of the phylum Rhodothermaeota from hypersaline alkaline lakes. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 67: 4161-4167

Sorokin DY, Makarova KS, Abbas B, Ferrer M, Golyshin PN, Galinski EA, Ciordia S, Mena MC, Merkel AY, Wolf YI, van Loosdrecht MCM, Koonin EV (2017) Discovery of extremely halophilic, methyl-reducing euryarchaea provides insights into the evolutionary origin of methanogenesis. Nature Microbiol 2: 1-11. DOI:10.1038/nmicrobiol.2017.81

Beblo-Vranesevic K, Galinski EA, Rachel R, Huber H, Rettberg P (2016) Influence of osmotic stress on desiccation and irradiation tolerance of (hyper)-thermophilic microorganisms. Arch Microbiol DOI 10.1007/s00203-016-1269-6

Moghaddam JA, Böhringer N, Burdziak A, Kunte H-J, Galinski EA, Schäberle TF (2016) Different strategies of osmoadaptation in the closely related marine myxobacteria Enhydromyxa salina SWB007 and Plesiocystsis pacicfica SIR-1. Microbiology 12: 571-588

Zahid N, Schweiger P, Galinski EA, Deppenmeier U (2015) Identification of mannitol as compatible solute in Gluconobacter oxydans. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 99 (13): 5511-5521

Moritz KD, Amendt B, Witt EMHJ, Galinski EA (2015) The hydroxyectoine gene cluster of the non-halophilic acidophile Acidiphilium cryptum. Extremophiles 19 (1): 87-99

Kunte H-J, Lentzen G, Galinski EA (2014) Industrial Production of the Cell Protectant Ectoine: Protection Mechanisms, Processes, and Products. Curr Biotechnol 3, 10-25

Tanne C, Golovina EA, Hoekstra FA, Meffert A, Galinski EA (2014) Glass-forming property of hydroxyectoine is the cause of its superior function as a desiccation protectant. Front Microbiol 5: 150. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2014.00150

Wedeking A, Hagen-Euteneuer N, Gurgui M, Broere R, Lentzen G, Tolba RH, Galinski EA, Echten-Deckert GV (2014) A lipid anchor improves the protective effect of ectoine in inflammation. Curr Med Chem 21: 2565-2572

Zajc J, Kogej T, Galinski EA, Ramos J, Gunde-Cimerman N (2014) Osmoadaptation strategy of the most halophilic fungus, Wallemia ichthyophaga, growing optimally at salinities above 15% NaCl. Appl Environ Microbiol 80: 247-256

Witt EMHJ, Davies NW, Galinski EA (2011) Unexpected property of ectoine synthase and its application for synthesis of the engineered compatible solute ADPC. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 91(1): 113-122

Sorokin DY, Tourova TP, Kolganova TV, Detkova EN, Galinski EA, Muyzer G (2011) Culturable diversity of lithotrophic haloalkaliphilic sulphate-reducing bacteria in soda lakes and the description of Desulfonatronum thioautotrophicum sp. nov., Desulfonatronum thiosulfatophilum sp. nov., Desulfonatronovibrio thiodismutans sp. nov., and Desulfonatronovibrio magnus sp. nov.. Extremophiles 15 (3): 391-401

Triado-Margarit X, Vila X, Galinski EA (2011) Osmoadaptative accumulation of Ne-acetyl-ß-lysine in green sulphur bacteria and Bacilllus cereus CECT 148T. FEMS Microbiol Lett 318 (2): 159-67

Seip B, Galinski EA, Kurz M (2011) Natural and engineered hydroxyectoine production based on the Pseudomonas stutzeri ectABCD-ask gene cluster. Appl Environ Microbiol 77: 1368-1374

Ma Y, Galinski EA, Grant WD, Oren A, Ventosa A (2010) Halophiles 2010: Life in saline environments. Appl Environ Microbiol 76: 6971-6981

Dötsch A, Severin J, Alt W, Galinski EA, Kreft JU (2008) A mathematical model for growth and osmoregulation in halophilic bacteria. Microbiology 154: 2956-2969

Sorokin DY, Tourova TP, Galinski EA, Muyzer G, Kuenen JG (2008) Thiohalorhabdus denitrificans gen. nov., sp. nov., an extremely halophilic, sulfur-oxidizing, deep-lineage gammaproteobacterium from hypersaline habitats. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 58: 2890-2897

Bestvater T, Louis P, Galinski EA (2008) Heterologous ectoine production in Escherichia coli: By-passing the metabolic bottle-neck. Saline Systems 4: 12, (

Sorokin DY, Tourova TP, Henstra AM, Stams AJM, Galinski EA, Muyzer G (2008) Sulfidogenesis under extremely haloalkaline conditions by Desulfonatronospira thiodismutans gen. nov., sp. nov., and Desulfonatronospira delicata sp. nov. - a novel lineage of Deltaproteobacteria from hypersaline soda lakes. Microbiology 154: 1444-1453

Banciu HL, Sorokin DY, Tourova TP, Galinski EA, Muntyan MS, Kuenen JG, Muyzer G (2008) Influence of salts and pH on growth and activity of a novel facultatively alkaliphilic, extremely salt-tolerant, obligately chemolithoautotrophic sulphur-oxidizing Gammaproteobacterium Thioalkalibacter halophilus gen. nov., sp. nov. from South-Western Siberian soda lakes. Extremophiles 12(3): 391-404

Kogej T, Stein M, Volkmann M, Gorbushina AA, Galinski EA, Gunde-Cimerman N (2007) Osmotic adaptation of halophilic fungus Hortaea werneckii: role of osmolytes and melanization. Microbiology 153: 4261-4273

Sorokin DY, Trotsenko YA, Doronina NV, Tourova TP, Galinski EA, Kolganova TV, Muyzer G (2007) Methylohalomonas lacus gen. nov. ,sp. nov. and Methylonatrum kenyense gen. nov., sp. nov., methylotrophic gammaproteobacteria from hypersaline lakes. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 57: 2762-2769

Schiraldi C, Maresca C, Catapano A, Galinski EA, DeRosa M (2006) High-yield cultivation of Marinococcus M52 for production and recovery of hydroxyectoine. Res Microbiol 157: 693-699

Kurz M, Brünig ANS, Galinski EA (2006) NhaD type sodium/proton-antiporter of Halomonas elongata: a salt stress response mechanism in marine habitat? Saline Systems 2: 10 (

Kolp S, Pietsch M, Galinski EA, Gütschow M (2006) Compatible solutes as protectants for zymogens against proteolysis. BBA 1764: 1234-1242

Sorokin DY, Tourova TP, Galinski EA, Belloch C, Tindall BJ (2006) Extremely halophilic denitrifying bacteria from hypersaline inland lakes, Halovibrio denitrificans sp. nov. and Halospina denitrificans gen. nov., sp. nov., and evidence that the genus name Halovibrio Fendrich 1989 with the type species Halovibrio variabilis should be associated with DSM 3050. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 56: 379-388

Banciu H, Sorokin DY, Rijpstra WIC, Sinninghe Damste JS, Galinski EA, Takaichi S, Muyzer G, Kuenen JG (2005) Fatty acids, compatible solute and pigment composition of obligately chemolithoautotrophic alkaliphilic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria from soda lakes. FEMS Microbiol Lett 243: 181-187

Schnoor M, Voß P, Cullen P, Böking T, Galla HJ, Galinski EA, Lorkowski S (2004) Characterization of the synthetic compatible solute homoectoine as a potent PCR enhancer. Biochem Biophys Research Comm 322: 867-872

Banciu H, Sorokin DY, Galinski EA, Muyzer G, Kleerebezem R, Kuenen JG (2004) Thioalkalivibrio halophilus sp. nov., a novel obligately alkaliphilic, and extremely salt-tolerant, sulfur-oxidizing bacterium from a hypersaline alkaline lake. Extremophiles 8: 325-334

Banciu H, Sorokin DY, Kleerebezem R, Muyzer G, Galinski EA, Kuenen JG (2004) Growth kinetics of haloalkaliphilic, sulfur-oxidizing bacterium Thioalkalivibrio versutus strain ALJ 15 in continuous culture. Extremophiles 8: 185-192

Oberdörfer Y, Schrot S, Fuchs H, Galinski EA, Janshoff A (2003) Impact of compatible solutes on the mechanical properties of fibronectin: a single molecule analysis. Phys Chem Chem Phys 5: 1876-1881

Oren A, Heldal M, Norland S, Galinski EA (2002) Intracellular ion and organic solute concentrations of the extremely halophilic Bacterium Salinibacter ruber. Extremophiles 6: 491-498

Bestvater T, Galinski EA (2002) Investigation into a stress-inducible promotor region from Marinococcus halophilus using green fluorescent protein. Extremophiles 6: 15-20

Lever M, Randall K, Galinski EA (2001) Near infra-red spectra of urea with glycine betaine or trimethylamine N-oxide are additive. Biochim Biophys Acta 1528: 135-140

Lorkowski S, Kratz M, Wenner C, Schmidt R, Weitkamp B, Fobker M, Rheinhardt J, Rauterberg J, Galinski EA, Cullen P (2001) Expression of the ATP-binding cassette transporter gene ABCG1 (ABC8) in Tangier disease. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 283: 821-830

Lorkowski S, Rust S, Engel T, Jung E, Tegelkamp K, Galinski EA, Assmann G, Cullen P (2001) Genomic sequence and structure of the human ABCG1 (ABC8) gene. Bioch Biophys Res Commun 280: 121-131

Lorkowski S, Ellinghaus P, Galinski EA, Assmann G, Cullen P (2000) Use of longer extension phases to improve yield of high molecular weight products in differential display PCR. Clin Chim Acta 299: 199-204

Mikkat S, Galinski EA, Berg G, Minkwitz A, Schoor A (2000) Salt adaptation in pseudomonads: characterization of glucosylglycerol-synthesizing isolates from brackish coastal waters and the rhizosphere. System Appl Microbiol 23: 31-40

Barth S, Huhn M, Matthey B, Klimka A, Galinski EA, Engert A (2000) Compatible solute-supported periplasmic expression of functional recombinant proteins under stress conditions. Appl Environm Microbiol 66: 1572-1579

Göller K, Galinski EA (1999) Protection of a model enzyme (lactate dehydrogenase) against heat, urea and freeze-thaw treatment by compatible solute additives. J Mol Catal B: Enz 7: 37-45

Knapp S, Ladenstein R, Galinski EA (1999) Extrinsic protein stabilization by the naturally occurring osmolytes b-hydroxyectoine and betaine. Extremophiles 3: 191-198

Göller K, Ofer A, Galinski EA (1998) Construction and characterization of an NaCl‑sensitive mutant of Halomonas elongata impaired in ectoine biosynthesis. FEMS Microbiol Lett 161: 293-300

Sauer T, Galinski EA (1998) Bacterial milking: a novel bioprocess for the production of compatible solutes. Biotech Bioeng 57: 306‑313

Louis P, Galinski EA (1997) Identification of plasmids in the genus Marinococcus and complete nucleotide sequence of plasmid pPL1 from Marinococcus halophilus. Plasmid 38: 107‑114

Kets EPW, Nierop Groot M, Galinski EA, de Bont JAM (1997) Choline and acetylcholine: novel cationic osmolytes in Lactobacillus plantarum. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 48: 94‑98

Louis P, Galinski EA (1997) Characterization of genes for the biosynthesis of the compatible solute ectoine from Marinococcus halophilus and osmoregulated expression in Escherichia coli. Microbiology 143: 1141‑1149

Galinski EA, Stein M, Amendt B, Kinder M (1996) The kosmotropic (structure‑forming) effect of compensatory solutes. Comp Biochem Physiol 117A: 357‑365

Kets EPW, Galinski EA, de Wit M, de Bont JAM, Heipieper HJ (1996) Mannitol, a novel bacterial compatible solute in Pseudomonas putida S12. J Bacteriol 178: 6665‑6670

Schmitz RPH, Galinski EA (1996) Compatible solutes in luminescent bacteria of the genera Vibrio, Photobacterium and Xenorhabdus (Photorhabdus): occurrence of ectoine, betaine and glutamate. FEMS Microbiol Lett 142: 195‑201

Sauer T, Schwarz T, Galinski EA (1995) Ectoine ‑ Biotechnische Produktion und mögliche Anwendungsbereiche. GIT 10/95: 892‑896

Frings E, Sauer T, Galinski EA (1995) Production of hydroxyectoine: high cell‑density cultivation and osmotic downshock of Marinococcus strain M52. J Biotechnol 43: 53‑61

Coronado MJ, Vargas C, Kunte J, Galinski EA, Ventosa A, Nieto JJ (1995) Influence of salt concentration on the susceptibility of moderately halophilic bacteria to antimicrobials and its potential use for genetic transfer studies. Current Microbiol 31: 365‑371

Kunte HJ, Galinski EA (1995) Transposon mutagenesis in halophilic eubacteria: conjugal transfer and insertion of transposon Tn5 and Tn1732 in Halomonas elongata. FEMS Microbiol Lett 128: 293‑299

Oren A, Galinski EA (1994) Hydrolysis of N'‑benzoyl‑arginine ‑p‑nitroanilide stereoisomers as a phenotypic test: a study of Gram‑positive halotolerant bacteria. Syst Appl Microbiol 17: 7‑10

Louis P, Trüper HG, Galinski EA (1994) Survival of Escherichia coli during drying and storage in the presence of compatible solutes. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 41: 684‑688

del Moral A, Severin J, Ramos‑Cormenzana A, Trüper HG, Galinski EA (1994) Compatible solutes in new moderately halophilic isolates. FEMS Microbiol Lett 122: 165‑172

Kets EPW, Galinski EA, de Bont JAM (1994) Carnithine: a novel compatible solute in Lactobacillus plantarum. Arch Microbiol 162: 243‑248

Kunte HJ, Galinski EA, Trüper HG (1993) A modified FMOC‑method for the detection of amino acid‑type osmolytes and tetrahydropyrimidines (ectoines). J Microbiol Meth 17: 129‑136

Lippert K, Galinski EA, Trüper HG (1993) Biosynthesis and function of trehalose on Ectothiorhodospira halochloris. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 63: 85‑91

Yassin AF, Galinski EA, Wohlfarth A, Jahnke KD, Schaal KP, Trüper HG (1993) A new Actinomycete species, Nocardiopsis lucentensis sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol 43: 266‑271

Frings E, Kunte HJ, Galinski EA (1993) Compatible solutes in representatives of the genera Brevibacterium and Corynebacterium: occurrence of tetrahydropyrimidines and glutamine. FEMS Microbiol Lett 109: 25‑32

Wohlfarth A, Severin J, Galinski EA (1993) Identification of Nd‑acetylornithine as a novel osmolyte in some Gram‑positive halophilic eubacteria. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 39: 568‑573

Galinski EA (1993) Compatible solutes of halophilic eubacteria: molecular principles, water‑solute interaction, stress protection. Experientia 49: 487‑496

Lippert K, Galinski EA (1992) Enzyme stabilization by ectoine‑type compatible solutes: protection against heating, freezing and drying. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 37: 61‑65

Severin J, Wohlfarth A, Galinski EA (1992) The predominant role of recently discovered tetrahydropyrimidines for the osmoadaptation of halophilic eubacteria. J Gen Microbiol 138: 1629‑1638

Galinski EA, Oren A (1991) Isolation and structure determination of a novel compatible solute from the moderately halophilic purple sulfur bacterium Ectothiorhodospira marismortui. Eur J Biochem 198: 593‑598

Oren A, Simon G, Galinski EA (1991) Intracellular salt and solute concentrations in Ectothiorhodospira marismortui: glycine betaine and Na‑carbamoyl glutamineamide as osmotic solutes. Arch Microbiol 156: 350‑355

Hartmann A, Prabhu SR, Galinski EA (1991) Osmotolerance of diazotrophic rhizosphere bacteria. Plant and Soil 137: 105‑109

Galinski EA, Herzog RM (1990) The role of trehalose as a substitute for nitrogen‑containing compatible solutes (Ectothiorhodospira halochloris). Arch Microbiol 153: 607‑613

Herzog RM, Galinski EA, Trüper HG (1990) Degradation of the compatible solute trehalose in Ectothiorhodospira halochloris: isolation and characterization of trehalase. Arch Microbiol 153: 600‑606

Peters P, Galinski EA, Trüper HG (1990) The biosynthesis of ectoine. FEMS Microbiol Lett 71: 157‑162

Wohlfarth A, Severin J, Galinski EA (1990) The spectrum of compatible solutes in heterotrophic halophilic eubacteria of the family Halomonadaceae. J Gen Microbiol 136: 705‑712

Galinski EA (1986) Salzadaptation durch kompatible Solute bei halophilen phototrophen Bakterien. Dissertation, Universität Bonn

Schuh W, Puff H, Galinski EA, Trüper HG (1985) Die Kristallstruktur des Ectoin, einer neuen osmoregulatorisch wirksamen Aminosäure. Z Naturforsch 40c: 780-784

Galinski EA, Pfeiffer HP, Trüper HG (1985) 1,4,5,6-Tetrahydro-2-methyl-4-pyrimidine-carboxylic acid, a novel cyclic amino acid from halophilic phototrophic bacteria of the genus Ectothiorhodospira. Eur J Biochem 149: 135-139

Galinski EA, Trüper HG (1982) Betaine, a compatible solute in the extremely halophilic phototrophic bacterium Ectothiorhodospira halochloris. FEMS Microbiol Lett 13: 357-360



Kunte HJ, Lentzen G, Galinski EA (2014) Industrial production of the cell protectant ectoine: protection mechanisms, processes, and products. Curr Biotechnol 3: 10-25

da Costa MS, Santos H, Galinski EA (1998) An overview of the role and diversity of compatible solutes in bacteria and archaea. Adv Biochem Eng Biotechnol 61: 117-153

Galinski EA (1995) Osmoadaptation in bacteria. Adv Microb Physiol 37: 273‑328

Galinski EA, Trüper HG (1994) Microbial behaviour in salt‑stressed ecosystems. FEMS Microbiol Rev 15: 95‑108

Trüper HG, Galinski EA (1990) Biosynthesis and fate of compatible solutes in extremely halophilic phototrophic eubacteria. FEMS Microbiol Rev 75: 247‑254



Lorkowski S, Rust S, Engel T, Jung E, Galinski EA, Assmann G, Cullen P (2001) Identifizierung der genomischen Sequenz und Struktur des humanen ABCG1-Gens. In: Heinle H, Schulte H, Hanefeld M (eds) Die Prävention atherosklerotischer Prozesse. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Arterioskleroseforschung, Tübingen

Lorkowski S, Kratz M, Wenner C, Schmidt R,  Weitkamp B, Fobker M, Reinhardt J, Rauterberg J, Galinski EA, Assmann G, Cullen P (2001) Tangierkrankheit und Expression des ATP-Bindungskassettentransporters G1 (ABCG1). In: Heinle H, Schulte H, Hanefeld M (eds) Die Prävention atherosklerotischer Prozesse. Deutsche Gesellschaft  für Arterioskleroseforschung, Tübingen

Lorkowski S, Tegelkamp K, Eisenberg M, Galinski EA, Assmann G, Cullen P (2000) Identifizierung differentiell exprimierter Gene während der Schaumzellbildung humaner Makrophagen. In: Heinle H, Schulte H, Hanefeld M (eds) Determinanten und Beeinflussung der Plaqueentwicklung. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Arterioskleroseforschung, Tübingen, pp. 138-142

Galinski EA, Louis P (1999) Compatible solutes: ectoine production and gene expression. In: Oren A. (ed) Microbiology and Biogeochemistry of Hypersaline Environments. CRC Press, pp. 187-202

Galinski EA, Sauer T (1998) Production and application of natural stabilizing compounds from halotolerant bacteria. In: LeGal Y, Halvorson HO (eds) New Developments in Marine Biotechnology. Plenum Press, New York, pp. 201-203

Galinski EA (1994) Halophile und halotolerante Eubacterien. In: Hausmann K, Kremer HP (eds) Extremophile ‑ Mikroorganismen in ausgefallenen Lebensräumen. VCH, Weinheim, pp. 89-112

Galinski EA, Tindall BJ (1992) Biotechnological prospects for halophiles and halotolerant micro‑organisms. In: Herbert RH, Sharp RJ (eds) Molecular biology and biotechnology of extremophiles. Blackie & Son Ltd, Glasgow, pp. 76‑114

Galinski EA, Lippert K (1991) Novel compatible solutes and their potential application as stabilizers in enzyme technology. In: Rodriguez‑Valera F (ed) General and applied aspects of halophilic bacteria. Plenum Press, New York, pp. 351‑358

Trüper HG, Severin J, Wohlfarth A, Müller E, Galinski EA (1991) Halophily, taxonomy, phylogeny and nomenclatur. In: Rodriguez‑Valera F (ed) General and applied aspects of halophilic bacteria, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 3‑7

Galinski EA (1989) The potential use of halophilic eubacteria for the production of organic chemicals and enzyme protective agents. In: da Costa MS, Duarte JC, Williams RAD (eds) Microbiology of extreme environments and its potential for biotechnology. Elsevier Science Publishers, London, pp. 375‑379

Trüper HG, Galinski EA (1989) Compatible solutes in halophilic phototrophic procaryotes. In: Cohen Y, Rosenberg E (eds) Microbial mats ‑ ecological physiology of benthic microbial communities. ASM Washington, pp. 342‑348

Wohlfarth A, Severin J, Galinski EA (1989) Halophilic eubacteria ‑ organisms of extremely saline habitats are potential producers of biologically active organic solutes. In: Behrens D, Driesel AJ (ed) DECHEMA Biotechnology Conferences 3, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, pp 245‑248

Galinski EA, Trüper HG (1988) Leben unter Wasserstreß ‑ Biologische Anpassung an extrem saline Standorte. In: Rektor der Rhein. Friedrich‑Wilhelms-Universität (ed) Forschungsbericht 1981‑1986, Bonn, pp. 87‑99

Galinski EA (1987) Halo‑fermentation, a novel low water process for the production of organic chemicals and enzyme protective agents. In: Moody GW, Baker PB (eds) Bioreactors and biotransformations. Elsevier, London, pp. 201‑212


Offenlegungsschriften, Patente

Galinski EA, Amendt B, Mann T, McMeekin T, Stein M (2008) Zwitterionische Guanidinium-verbindungen als selektive antimikrobielle Wirkstoffe. DE 10 2008 009 591 A1, 15.02.2008; PCT/EP 2009/001075

Galinski EA, Ures A, Stein M, Schwarz T (2007) Stereospezifische Hydroxylierung von kompatiblen Soluten. DE 10 2007 052 900 A1, 07.11.2007; PCT/EP 2008/009414

Kunte J, Galinski EA, Bestvater T, Volke A, Grammann K (2001) Verfahren zur Gewinnung von Wertstoffen aus Organismen durch Beeinflussung/Beeinträchtigung der zelleigenen Transportsysteme für diese Wertstoffe bzw. durch Verwendung von Produktionsstämmen, denen besagte Transportsysteme fehlen. Ger Appl, 23.03.2001; OS DE 101 14 189 A1, 26.09.2002

Galinski EA, Kaufmann M, Schwarz T, Vangala M (2001) Verwendung von kompatiblen Soluten als Inhibitoren des enzymatischen Abbaus von makromolekularen Biopolymeren. Ger Appl, 14.02.2000; EP 1 125 583 A1, 22.08.2000

Galinski EA, Karla K (2000) Verfahren zur Gewinnung von Biomasse und biologischen Komponenten unter Verwendung von alkaliphilen und alkalitoleranten Nitrat reduzierenden Bakterien. Ger Appl, 08.03.2000; Az. 100 11 181.5

Barth S, Engert A, Galinski EA, Huhn M (2001) Pharmazeutische Zubereitung. Ger Appl, 11.06.99; D 199 26 877.0

Galinski EA, Bestvater T, Louis P, Eggeling L (1999) Verfahren zur Produktion von Ectoinen (1,4,5,6-Tetrahydro-2-methyl-4-pyrimidin-carbonsäure und 1,4,5,6-Tetrahydro-2-methyl-5-hydroxy-4-pyrimidin-carbonsäure) in nicht-halophilen Organismen unter Verwendung salzarmer Medien. Ger Appl, 04.06.99; DE 199 25 615 A1, 07.12.2000

Barth S, Engert A, Louis P, Galinski EA, Huhn M (2000) Verfahren zur Expression rekombinanter Proteine unter Ausnutzung der Wirkung von Stress und Stressantwortmechanismen in Gegenwart kompatibler Solute. Ger Appl, 7.11.98; D 198 51 408.5; E 98 121 243.4

Galinski EA, Kunte HJ, Severin J, Beckmann M (1997) Verfahren zur Gewinnung von Wertstoffen aus Substanzgemischen durch halophile/osmophile und halotolerante/ osmotolerante Organismen. Ger Appl, 01.06.96; DE 196 22 168 A1, 04.12.97

Galinski EA, Louis P (1997) Verfahren zur Übertragung der Fähigkeit zur Biosynthese kompatibler Solute und der damit verbundenen Streßtoleranz auf Organismen. Ger Appl, 14.3.96; DE 196 10 972 A1, 18.9.97

Galinski EA, Frings E (1996) Verfahren zur Gewinnung von Zellinhaltsstoffen aus halophilen und osmophilen sowie halo- und osmotoleranten Mikroorganismen. Ger Appl, 04.08.94; DE 44 27 617 A1, 08.02.96

Galinski EA, Driller H, Motitschke L (1995) Ectoin und Ectoinderivate als Feuchtigkeitsspender in Kosmetikprodukten. Ger Appl, 14.12.93; DE 43 42 560 A1, 22.06.95

Galinski EA, Trüper HG, Sauer T (1994) Verfahren zur in vivo Gewinnung von Inhaltsstoffen aus Zellen; in vivo method of obtaining cell components. Ger Appl, 31.12.92; DE 42 44 580 A1, 7.07.94; EPA 94 903 874.9